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Anuradhapura was the capital of Sri Lanka from 5 B.C. to 1017 A.D. It was ruled by 109 kings and the
kingdom was firstly ruled by king Pandukabaya. And finally the kingdom was broken down with the
conquest of the Indian Tamil king.

There are three categories of ruins that can be found in Anuradhapura kingdom, as pagodas (dagon),
shrine rooms & ponds. Pagodas are spread over about 1100 feets diameters in different shapes & sizes.
Some are as huge as that can be used to build up an enre city facilitang over 25000 people.

There are specially built shrine rooms which are raised up about 10 feets above the earth, laid a stoned
stage and then the shrine rooms were built completely with stones. The ponds were built in order to
fulfill the washing and drinking purposes of the people.

In some of the stone pillars the dates & notes had been carved by people, so the me period can be
measured according to the stone carving notes. It is vicmed to prove that the world’s largest and the
oldest man made brick building sll stands is the Jethawanaramaya pagoda. Also including an
archeological museum, the sacred Bo Tree, ruvanvelisaya dagoba, abhayagiri dagoba, brazen palace,
royal palace, samadhi buddha statue , kuam pokuna, moonstone, and tanks. etc. are some of
remarkable ancient creaons which exhibit the proud history of the Anuradhapura kingdom.

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